The ACT is developed within a pragmatic philosophy called functional contextualism. The ACT is based on relational frame theory (RFT), a comprehensive theory of language and cognition that is an offshoot of behavior analysis. Both ACT and RFT are based on B. F. Skinner’s philosophy of Radical Behaviorism.
Acceptance and commitment therapy differs from traditional cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in that rather than trying to teach people to better control their thoughts, feelings, sensations, memories, and other private events, ACT teaches them to “just notice,” accept, and embrace their private events, especially previously unwanted ones.
ACT helps the individual get in contact with a transcendent sense of self known as “self-as-context”—the you who is always there observing and experiencing and yet distinct from one’s thoughts, feelings, sensations, and memories. Acceptance and commitment therapy aims to help the individual clarify their personal values and to take action on them, bringing more vitality and meaning to their life in the process, increasing their psychological flexibility.
The core conception of ACT is that psychological suffering is usually caused by experiential avoidance, cognitive entanglement, and resulting psychological rigidity that leads to a failure to take needed behavioral steps in accordance with core values. As a simple way to summarize the model, acceptance and commitment therapy views the core of many problems to be due to the concepts represented in the acronym, FEAR:
And the healthy alternative is to ACT:
Acceptance and commitment therapy core principles
ACT commonly employs six core principles to help clients develop psychological flexibility:
Correlational evidence has found that the absence of psychological flexibility predicts many forms of psychopathology.
Acceptance and commitment therapy Research
A 2009 meta-analysis found that ACT was more effective than placebo and “treatment as usual” for most problems (with the exception of anxiety and depression), but not more effective than CBT and other traditional therapies.
A 2015 review found that ACT was better than a placebo and typical treatment for anxiety disorders, depression, and addiction. Its effectiveness was similar to traditional treatments like cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).
Acceptance and commitment therapy Similarities
A first wave, behaviour therapy, commenced in the 1920s based on Pavlov’s classical conditioning and operant conditioning that was correlated to reinforcing consequences.
The second wave emerged in the 1970s and included cognition in the form of irrational beliefs, dysfunctional attitudes, or depressogenic attributions.
In the late 1980s, empirical limitations and philosophical misgivings of the second wave gave rise to Steven Hayes’ ACT theory which modified the focus of abnormal behaviour away from the content or form towards the context in which it occurs.
Acceptance and commitment therapy Training
The ACT has also been adapted to create a non-therapy version of the same processes called Acceptance and Commitment Training. This training process, oriented towards the development of mindfulness, acceptance, and valued skills in non-clinical settings such as businesses or schools, has also been investigated in a handful of research studies with good preliminary results.
This is somewhat similar to the awareness–management movement in business training programs, where mindfulness and cognitive-shifting techniques are employed.
The aim of ACT is to maximize human potential for a rich, full, and meaningful life to help individuals progress toward vitality and well-being through mindful values-based living.
Research shows the efficacy of ACT in conditions such as:
Contents of Acceptance and commitment therapy Workshop
- The six core principles of ACT
- An understanding of mindfulness and psychological acceptance
- Use of metaphor and experiential exercises
- Applying ACT in your own life, to create a sense of vitality, meaning, and fulfillment
- Accessing and experiencing a transcendent sense of self
- How to fundamentally change the relationship with unwanted thoughts and feelings
- Connect with core values, and take committed action
Acceptance and commitment therapy: Professional organizations
As of 2017, Association for Contextual Behavioral Science had over 7,600 members worldwide, about half outside of the United States. It holds annual “world conference” meetings.
The Association for Behavior Analysis International (ABAI) has a special interest group for practitioner issues, behavioral counseling, and clinical behavior analysis ABA: I. ABAI has larger special interest groups for autism and behavioral medicine. ABAI sponsors three conferences/year—one multi-track in the U.S., one specific to Autism, and one international.
The Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies (ABCT) also has an interest group in behavior analysis, which focuses on clinical behavior analysis.
Doctoral-level behavior analysts who are psychologists belong to the American Psychological Association’s (APA) Division 25—Behavior analysis. The ACT has been called a “commonly used treatment with empirical support” within the APA-recognized specialty of behavioral and cognitive psychology.
Acceptance and commitment therapy Criticisms
Some published empirical studies in clinical psychology have argued that ACT is not different from other interventions. Stefan Hofmann argued that ACT is similar to the much older Morita therapy.
ACT currently appears to be about as effective as standard CBT, with some meta-analyses showing small differences in favor of ACT and others not. For example, a meta-analysis published by Francisco Ruiz in 2012 looked at 16 studies comparing ACT to standard CBT.
Failure to separate from CBT
Acceptance and commitment therapy failed to separate from CBT on effect sizes for depression, anxiety, or quality of life. More limited measures, such as depression, anxiety, and quality of life decrease the NNT, making the analysis more clinically relevant, and on these measures, ACT did not outperform CBT.
A 2013 paper comparing ACT to cognitive therapy (CT) concluded that “like CT, ACT cannot yet make strong claims that its unique and theory-driven intervention components are active ingredients in its effects.” The authors of the paper suggested that many of the assumptions of ACT and CT “are pre-analytical, and cannot be directly pitted against one another in experimental tests.”
Acceptance commitment therapy Vs Siddha remedies
1. Siddha preventive measures
Everybody must practice Siddha preventive measures, whether a person is affected with anxiety, depression, or trauma, etc, or not, but preventive measures are the primary steps for switching on to any other Siddha remedies, and hence they are important. It helps in one’s capability, effectiveness, and productivity, decision making power, intellectuality, and removing minor health problems. There are three types of preventive measures:
Everybody’s tendency is to get attracted to the word ‘free‘, however, don’t neglect even these Siddha preventive measures are free. Avail the benefits by practicing them sincerely, and regularly. For the ease of understanding what Siddha preventive measures are, please watch a video for a live demonstration.
2. Siddha Shaktidata Yog
This unique Siddha Shaktidata Yog of Siddha Spirituality can solve the problems related to anxiety, depression, or trauma, etc with Siddha remedies. There is no compulsion of training of ‘Swami Hardas Life System’ methods. This not only gives benefits to self but also it can be used for other affected persons, whether a person is in the same house, distantly available in the same city, same nation, or might be in any corner of the world, however, both the procedures have been explained here.
3. Siddha Kalyan Sadhana
Recite this Sadhana with a Sankalp “My problems of anxiety, depression, or trauma, etc are solved as early as possible and I should gain health”, which should be repeated in mind 3 – 3 times every after each stanza. Any person irrespective of caste, creed, religion, faith, sex, and age can recite this Sadhana for free, which should be repeated at least twice in a day. To know more, please click on this link.
4. CCPE products
These products work on the concepts of ‘Conceptual Creative Positive Energy’ (CCPE) within the provisions of the ‘CCPE Life System’ and the theory of Quantum Technology to a certain extent. However, the products get activated only whenever touched by a human and then they become capable of solving the problem and achieving health. However, please use these products for anxiety, depression, or trauma, etc as mentioned below:
CCPE Extractor: The CCPE Extractor should be gently moved over the Agya Chakra in a circular motion at least for 30 to 60 seconds, thereafter, follow the same process on the head for another 30 to 60 seconds, which finishes within almost 1 – 2 minutes.
CCPE Booster: Keep one Booster over the Agya Chakra and another one each over the head for 3 – 6 minutes. You may need to have 2 Boosters, which establishes positivity.
5. A daily routine
In general, a daily routine may look like this:
Ensure to sprinkle in some fun during the day: Don’t forget to relax and laugh in between. Laughing is a great way to boost your immune system and help you.
Along with all the above activities, apply above explained free Siddha remedies minimum 3 times a day, the more is good. Just try the methods of Siddha Spirituality of Swami Hardas Life System. I am confident that you will surely find improvements within 7 days.
Training of Swami Hardas Life System
Any problem with regard to health, peace, and progress can be solved independently without money and medicines by undergoing training of Swami Hardas Life System. Any person irrespective of religion, caste, creed, faith, sex, and age can undergo this unique training.
In view of the above, I am confident that you have learned about acceptance commitment therapy, techniques, core principles, research, similarities, training, workshops, professional organization, criticism, and Siddha remedies. Now, you have become self-sufficient, hence its right time to use your acquired knowledge for solving problems as per the provision available in Siddha Spirituality of Swami Hardas Life System.
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