Although psychologists have emphasized the importance of considering clients’ various cultural backgrounds and researching various populations, research is still overly focused on participants from English-speaking countries like the United States and Western countries. Numerous studies evaluating Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) have been published in South Korea. However, most of the studies are still unknown to English-speaking research communities because of language differences. In order to promote cross-cultural communication of study findings, the current study reviewed treatment research from South Korea.
After searching for Korean ACT studies using Korean electronic databases, 62 studies were selected, and each study’s treatment outcome and characteristics were reviewed. To examine the effectiveness of ACT in South Korea, the outcomes were quantified and analyzed statistically. To explore how ACT was adapted to Korean culture, the treatment protocols were reviewed. The overall results indicated that ACT has been found effective for various psychosocial problems in South Korea. Furthermore, the review of ACT protocols revealed that therapy content was minimally adapted to Korean populations. Further research is needed to investigate the effects of cultural adaptation of ACT in South Korea.
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